What is Instructional Design
What is Instructional Design?
While the discipline of instructional design has been around in one form or another since the 1940s, many in higher education are still unsure what instructional design is and what instructional designers do. Emerging from the US military’s training programs during World War II, instructional design developed as an academic discipline through the work of educational psychologists like B.F. Skinner, Benjamin Bloom, Robert Gagné who expanded our understandings of how people learn. While the theoretical underpinnings of the field were academic in nature, in general the use of instructional design was confined to professional training programs. With the proliferation of personal computers and web-based technology in the 1990s, colleges and universities began to utilize instructional designers in the development of new approaches to teaching and learning—in particular, hybrid and online courses. Instructional design through the Office of Digital Learning uses research, theory, and best practices in pedagogy and student-centered learning strategies to develop processes for creating highly effective online learning environments.
What can an Instructional Designer help me do?
Instructional designers analyze learning needs of the students; work with faculty to establish clear objectives and outcomes for a course; and develop a delivery system to meet those needs, including the creation of instructional materials, activities, and assessments. Instructional designers can assist you with tasks like planning your course, developing innovative assessment tools, honing your teaching methods or strategies, or leveraging emerging technology in your courses.